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to get a better return through cutting edge Training and
|Schaffer & Thompson (1992),
Hammer & Champney (1993), Hamlin, Keep & Ash
(2001)... et. al.
|2. What do the experts say?
How does corporate learning relate to the rest of the work in an organisation? Dixon (1994) says: "The intentional use of learning processes at the individual, group and system level to continuously transform the organisation in a direction that is increasingly satisfying to its stakeholders". The overall learning that occurs within the company may contribute to the organisation learning as a body corporate. Dodgson, M. (1993) states: "...Individuals are the primary learning entity in firms and it is individuals which create organisational forms that enable learning in ways which facilitate organisational transformation..." Argyris, C. and Schön, D. (1978) also say that organisations do not literally remember, think or learn. "If the member's theories are not encoded in organisational theories, then the individual has learned, but the organisation has not." Carnall (1990) builds on this, saying that "by observing systematic changes in behaviour and culture over time and whilst the learning may be individual, the consequences may be more far reaching. We might refer to organisation rather than individual learning."
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